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无我茶会 Sans Self Tea Gathering (中英文版)

作者: 蔡榮章
出版社: 木言社
出版日期: 2022年9月
商品库存: 48
市场价格: RM60.00
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内容介绍

《无我茶会》是当代茶道研究工作方向的新一章,此书直接跳过一些仍然产生困扰的课题如:何谓茶道何谓茶艺?泡茶者的身份应命名为事茶或司茶?已经掌握一定茶道学识、拥有实践及专门从事茶道活动的工作者该被称为茶人好呢还是被称为大师好呢……。此书作者蔡荣章先生率直的通过拥有完整系统的一个茶会作品,引领读者一步一步走入其茶会作品的茶道艺术内涵,将泡茶者(亦即此书作者)因茶会作品的创作升华成为茶道艺术家。

茶道艺术家、茶会作品二词之用,是蔡荣章先生的先见与期许,它让大众更加清晰知道,茶、茶道、茶道艺术的本质在哪里,让茶道艺术家理解自己应具备怎样的素养及该努力的方向,以及如何创作茶会作品。

《无我茶会》是以蔡荣章先生最初创办无我茶会的操作手册及《无我茶会180条》一书为蓝本,再加入蔡荣章先生经过二十五年实践无我茶会实实在在的功力,以乾净清晰笔触书写无我茶会核心价值的最新力作。

"Sans Self Tea Gathering" is, literally, a new chapter in the research of the Way of Tea.

It bypasses perplexing questions such as ‘What is the Way of Tea? And what is Tea Art?’, ‘Should tea brewing personnel be described as a server or a master of tea?’, or should they be referred to as ‘tea experts’ or ‘tea gurus’ if they are professionals with a rich knowledge of the Way of Tea that they, use in various activities?’ Instead, the author cuts through these conundrums and presents a complete and comprehensive

system -- his very own work of tea gathering -- that leads readers right into the inner substance. This artistic manifestation in the form of tea gathering raises the status of a tea brewing personnel (in this case, the author himself) to that of an artist of the Way of Tea.

An artist of the Way of Tea, or tea artist, is a term impregnated with the author’s insight and aspiration. It seeks to clarify what is the essence of tea, the Way of Tea and the art of it; and in turn, to better equip tea artists with the qualities and effortsrequired of them.

 

作者简介

蔡荣章,1948年生,1978进入茶界。从学习、研究茶叶以至进入茶界,与学校教育与家庭背景无关,纯就“充实人们生活内容”这个念头而起。蔡荣章认为,在茶文化复兴之时,要先思考好、先讨论好应该怎么做,为茶文化发展确定位置和方向,才能在原有基础上进步。

蔡荣章的茶道体系由经线的茶具、茶席、茶法、茶学、茶业、茶人、茶会以及纬线的纯茶道、茶与艺术、茶道美学、茶道内涵交织而成;他开发的事物与思想互相串连成一套缜密系统,主要研究三条脉络即:茶与艺术、茶与茶业、茶道艺术家与茶会,是当代茶文化复兴期具有深刻影响力的现代茶道思想家。


目前职务:

1. 蔡荣章茶道研究所所长2022.07.01~

2. 中国茶叶学会第九、十届理事会茶艺专业委员会副主任委员2015~

3. 天福茶博物院顾问2015.05.27~

4. 天仁茶艺文化基金会执行长2004.11.13~


经历:

1. 漳州科技学院茶文化研究所所长2013.07.01~2022.06.30

2. 漳州科技学院教授2007.04.01~2022.06.30

3. 台北陆羽茶艺中心创办总经理1980~2007


Born in 1948, Tsai, Rong-Tsang joined the tea fraternity in 1978. Beginning with general learning, then in-depth studying to joining the tea circle, Tsai was neither influenced by his education nor family background; but rather by his desire to ‘enrich people’s life’. To him, the revival of tea culture is a process that may be founded only upon careful thinking, discussion and planning. This way, the current situation and future direction can be established, and development can be built on existing foundations.

Tsai, Rong-Tsang has since devised a system related to the Way of Tea. It covers tea ware, tea-presentation settings, methodology, tea studies, the tea industry, the tea personnel and tea gathering on the one hand; and the quintessential Way of Tea, tea and art, tea aesthetics and the substance of the Way of Tea on the other. These two dimensions are interwoven in as harmonious and meticulous a way as the warp and the weft of a grand tapestry. With carefully thought-out ideas and practices, he has ventured into three key areas of research, namely Tea and Art, Tea and the Tea Industry, and the Tea Artists and Tea Gathering. Tsai’s significant contribution has cemented his position as an influential thought leader during the contemporary revival of tea culture.

 

Current Positions:

1. President, Tsai, Rong-Tsang’s The Way of Tea Research Institute, 01.07.2022

2. Vice Chairman, Special Committee on Tea Art Professionals, the 9th and 10th

Central Committee, the China Tea Science Society, 2015 ;

3. Consultant, Tenfu Tea Museum, 27.05.2015

4. Chief Executive Officer, Ten Ren Teaism Foundation, 13.11.2004


Past Experience:

1. Director, Tea Culture Research Institute, Zhangzhou College of Science and

Technology, 01.04.2007 30.06.2022

2. Professor, Zhangzhou College of Science and Technology,

01.04.2007 30.06.2022

3. Founding General Manager, Taipei Lu Yu Tea Art Centre, 1980 2007

 

 

目录
序∕无我茶会的诞生 ◎蔡荣章  21
序∕ 论蔡荣章的《无我茶会》 ◎许玉莲  25

第一章 无我茶会的基本形式与做法
001. 无我茶会的基本形式  34
002. 无我茶会特殊做法及七大精神  39
003. 无我茶会为何非要单边奉茶不可  49

第二章 场地问题
004. 室内以什么场地为宜  54
005. 室外以什么场地为宜  55
006. 一定要在幽静与风景优美的地方举办吗  57
007. 下雨怎么办  58
008. 举办夜晚无我茶会时,场地需要多亮的公共  58
009. 地形特殊,无法达成连续性队形,怎么办  60
010. 在舞台从事示范性表演时的座位排法  61
011. 作为纪念性无我茶会时,场地如何应变  61
012. 席地而坐时,一个人的空间需要多少,两人相隔的距离
该多少,座位前面应保留多少活动空间  62
013. 这个场地能容纳多少人  65
014. 茶会在野外举行,卫生问题如何克服  67

第三章 场地的准备
015. 场地规划图  70
016. 座位的标示  73
017. 号码牌的排列方向  74
018. “ 向心坐”与“背心坐”  75
019. 场地有外人走动时,怎么办  79
020. 与围观群众的区隔方法  80
021. 号码牌的制作  82
022. 座位标示图的应用  83
023. 茶会名称的标示  84
024. 音响的设置  86
025. 解说员与表演者的位置  87
026. 纪念性无我茶会  88
027. 座位的控制  89

第四章 报到时段
028. 抽签、签名等报到手续  92
029. 人多时,如何缩短抽签与签名的时间  94
030. 报到人数的掌握  96
031. 人数与座位的控制  97
032. 想让没带茶具的朋友也一起参加茶会,怎么办  98
033. 以无我茶会作为欢迎茶会时怎么做  99
034. 带着幼儿一起参加,应否设置“母子签”,
坐折叠椅区者如何抽签  100
035. “ 对时”如何实施  101
036. 要设“引导人员”吗  102
037. 茶会进行间要不要有专人负责临时发生的事情  103
038. 缺席的座位号码牌如何处理  103
039. 工作人员何时入场  104
040. 迟到的人怎么办  105
041. 表演者、解说员等的座位安排  105
042. 因无可奈何的原因使得茶会无法依原定时间进行,
如何补救  106
043. 无我茶会是大家一起参与的茶会  107

第五章 与会者会前的准备
044. 无我茶会茶具“精俭”的要求  112
045. 无我茶会的基本道具  114
046. 无我茶会的“茶具”应注意哪些使用上的功能  116
047. 如何携带茶具才好  117
048. 保护茶具的包装器材有何应留意的地方  120
049. 带什么“茶”才好  121
050. “ 茶”如何携带  122
051. 泡两种茶叶时,茶具如何准备  123
052. 泡茶用水的准备及对保温瓶的要求  124
053. 无我茶会就坐的方式  125
054. 坐垫的功能要求  128
055. 会前下过雨,或担心坐在有泥的地方,
应增加什么配备  130
056. 无我茶会的服装与鞋子  132
057. 茶会间安排有茶食享用时,如何准备  133
058. 无我茶会泡茶法举例之一:小壶茶法  134
059. 无我茶会泡茶法举例之二:盖碗茶法  139
060. 无我茶会泡茶法举例之三:抹茶法  140
061. 上述泡茶法举例,为何都没有提到温壶、
烫杯等动作  142
062. 无我茶会对“夜晚茶会灯”的要求  143
063. 参加无我茶会应达成多少目的  145
064. 如何轻松愉快地享受无我茶会  146
065. 逍遥于茶会的广场  147
066. 无我茶会的茶具就是“旅行用茶具”  149

第六章 就位与联谊时段
067. 每人的坐垫应如何放置才会整齐  152
068. 就坐后号码牌如何处置  154
069. 杯子正放还是倒扣的好  154
070. 向围观者奉茶时,对外奉茶的杯子要陈列出来吗  155
071. 安排有“供应茶食”时,
带来的茶食要不要摆放出来  156
072. 夜晚无我茶会时,茶会灯放哪儿比较好  157
073. 户外风大时怎么办  159
074. 茶会前下过雨,场地潮湿怎么办  159
075. 户外昆虫的问题  160
076. “ 茶具观摩与联谊”何时开始、
何时结束、有何替代方案  161
077. 茶具观摩的礼节  163
078. 如何发挥联谊的效果  166
079. 如何对围观群众发放“简介”  166

第七章 无我茶会的泡茶与奉茶
080. 无我茶会使用“简便泡茶法”  170
081. 何时开始泡茶、何时开始奉茶  170
082. 第一道如何奉茶,杯子放在哪里  171
083. 奉茶时,杯子由谁拿取,无法蹲下的人如何奉茶,
走动不便的人如何奉茶,盲友的茶会如何应变  176
084. 第二道以后如何奉茶  178
085. 奉茶时要不要说“请喝茶”,
被奉者要不要说“谢谢”  179
086. 奉茶一定要依前后的次序吗  179
087. 奉茶时从座位的哪一边出去  180
088. 奉茶时遇“空位”及“未泡茶的品茗后活动演出者”,
怎么办  181
089. 若许多位“品茗后活动”的演出人员未能一起泡茶,
如何让他们有茶喝  183
090. 若设有解说员,如何奉茶给他  184
091. 如何奉茶给围观的人  185
092. 泡茶杯数与泡茶次数如何决定  188
093. 泡两种茶时,如何操作  190
094. 泡茶用水不足时,如何补充  191
095. 茶会间若安排有茶食享用,如何进行  192
096. 茶会没安排供应茶食,
可因自己泡抹茶而提供茶食吗  193
097. 纪念性无我茶会等特种场合的奉茶法  194
098. 对围观者的询问及要求,如何回应  195
099. 奉茶间的礼节  196
100. 什么时候开始喝茶,从哪一杯开始喝  199
101. 喝茶时应快快地喝还是慢慢地喝  201
102. 茶叶浸泡期间,做什么才好  201
103. 泡茶进度超前或落后时,有何调节的方法  202
104. 如何避免摄录像破坏气氛  203
105. 无好恶之心的真谛  204

第八章 品茗后活动与收拾
106. 何谓“品茗后活动”,如何进行,
与“会后活动”有何不同  208
107. 品茗后活动如何与演出者协商  211
108. 品茗后活动要不要设置表演台  212
109. 泡完茶,要不要当场清理茶具  214
110. 如何预防收拾茶具后,壶盅的残水外流  215
111. 收拾茶具前之擦杯动作,意义何在  216
112. 何时开始擦拭自己用过的杯子  218
113. 收杯礼节  218
114. 茶具如何收拾  220
115. 泡茶结束后还剩有茶汤怎么办  220
116. 个人泡茶位子的复原  221
117. 茶会如何结束  222
118. 公共设施的收拾  223
119. 茶会后全体合影  224
120. 有些“人”或“事”需要特别感谢或说明时,
怎么办  224
121. 无我茶会表现的茶道艺术  225

第九章 茶会进行间
122. 奉茶方法发生了错误怎么办  230
123. 别人奉给您的茶少了一杯,怎么办  230
124. 所泡的茶倒不完怎么办  231
125. 遇到自己喝不下的茶怎么办  232
126. 不爱喝茶,或今天不能喝茶,但又喜欢参加茶会,
怎么办  233
127. 奉茶时,发现自己的前一杯茶尚未被喝掉,怎么办  234
128. 收杯时,遇到剩有茶汤怎么办  235
129. 茶没泡好,可以做些补救措施吗  236
130. 泡茶时发现水量或泡出的汤量明显不足,
有何应变方法  237
131. 可以倒一杯给反方向的芳邻吗  238
132. 杯子的卫生问题  239
133. 不知道喝的是什么茶,可以问吗,可以赞美他吗  240
134. 最后一道茶奉完,
可以走到景仰的人那儿要杯茶喝吗  242
135. 会后可以与别人交换茶具作纪念吗  243
136. 茶会结束后可以再约些人原地继续泡茶吗  244
137. 无我茶会可以使用非茶的饮料吗  245
138. 无我茶会错误最多的地方  246
139. 无我茶会的“自由”与“法制”  248

第十章 主办单位的会前准备
140. 举办无我茶会的时机  252
141. 如何订定无我茶会的名称  253
142. 勘察场地  253
143. 有哪些工作需要专人负责  255
144. 谁是无我茶会的工作人员  256
145. “ 公告事项”的制作  257
146. “ 会前说明会”的举办  261
147. “ 工作检查表”的应用  263
148. 茶会记录  265
149. 如何掌握参加的人数  268
150. 无我茶会的各项进度需要多少时间  269
151. 参加无我茶会的人,应如何识别  271
152. 无我茶会要义图  272

第十一章 茶会的推广
153. 无我茶会推广工作如何进行  276
154. 将无我茶会列入茶道教育课程  276
155. 四学分的无我茶会课程安排  277
156. 无我茶会又为茶道加了藩篱吗  281
157. 无我茶会道场的设置  283
158. 无我茶会茶具完整性的重要  284
159. 无我茶会的机动性与扩充性  284
160. 如何使无我茶会的风格与特性突显出来  286
161. 无我茶会是随意还是严谨  287
162. 无我茶会为什么不设贵宾席与长官致词的时间  290
163. 无我茶会进行间为什么不放音乐  291
164. “ 品茗后活动”演出人员最好也是
参加无我茶会的人  292
165. 推广性无我茶会的举办  293
166. 无我茶会在其他场合的应用  294
167. 无我茶会的英、日、韩译  296
168. 什么是无我茶会的国际组织  297
169. 无我茶会需要统一的会旗与会歌吗  298
170. 无我茶会的传播  299
171. 无我茶会的字面意义是什么  302
172. 无我茶会不只是一种茶会形式  303
173. 制茶泡茶喝茶都在无何有之乡  306
174. 一人到千万人的无我茶会  310
175. 无我茶会的四美  311
176. 无我茶会是要求精致的一种茶道体系  314
177. 无我茶会有用吗?  316
178. 无我茶会对个人与群体的影响  320

第十二章 无我茶会简史
179. 无我茶会的创办  330
180. 无我茶会的出生背景  330
181. 为什么有无我茶会的诞生  331
182. 从独饮到无我茶会  332
183. 第一次无我茶会的举办  334
184. 第一次公开举办的无我茶会  335
185. 第一次国际无我茶会  336
186. 无我茶会专书的出版  337
187. 第一座无我茶会纪念碑在武夷山  339
188. 从“无我茶会推广委员会”
到“国际无我茶会推广协会”  341
189. 无我茶会大事记(1989 ~ 2022)  342

第十三章 对外解说稿
190. 无我茶会解说稿  370
跋∕无我茶会的理想国  382
蔡荣章简介  393



Contents
Preface / The Birth of Sans Self Tea Gathering
by Tsai, Rong-Tsang 23
Foreword / On Tsai, Rong-Tsang’s ‘Sans Self Tea Gathering’
by Hooi Yoke Lien 29

Chapter 1 The Basic Feature and Procedure of Sans Self Tea Gathering
001. The Basic Format of a Sans Self Tea Gathering 35
002. Unique Features and the Seven Principles 43
003. Why is tea served in one direction
at a Sans Self Tea Gathering? 50

Chapter 2 The Principles for Venue Setup
004. What kind of indoor venue is appropriate? 54
005. What makes an ideal outdoor venue? 55
006. Is it necessary to choose a quiet and scenic place? 57
007. What if it rains? 58
008. How bright should the lighting be for a Sans Self Tea Gathering
held in the evening? 59
009. What should we do if, owing to the particular conditions and
terrain of the venue, we cannot form a continuous loop? 60
010. What is the best seating arrangement for a tea demonstration
on stage? 61
011. When hosting a Sans Self Tea Gathering for memorial purposes,
what are the items to be adjusted? 62
012. How much space is needed for a person sitting on the floor?
What is the distance between two people?
And how much space should be reserved in front of
each person to ensure a free flow of traffic? 63
013. How many people can this venue accommodate? 66
014. When organising a Sans Self Tea Gathering in the countryside,
the absence of public conveniences could be an issue.
Is there any way to overcome this? 67

Chapter 3 Venue Preparation
015. Creating the Venue Layout Plan 71
016. Marking the Seats 73
017. The Direction for the Placement of Number Plates 74
018. Forward-facing or rear-facing? 76
019. What if a tea gathering is held in public,
and there are people passing by? 79
020. Ways to separate participants from onlookers 80
021. Making number plates 82
022. The use of a Seating Plan 83
023. How to display the name of the Tea Gathering 84
024. Setting up Audio Equipment 86
025. Positions of the Presenter and Performers 87
026. A Commemorative Sans Self Tea Gathering 88
027. How to control seating arrangement 89

Chapter 4 Signing in, Drawing of Lots and Taking one’s Seat
028. Signing-in Procedure: drawing of lots,
registry signing and others 92
029. Shortening the drawing and signing-in processes
in the event of a large attendance 94
030. Handling participants signing in upon arrival 96
031. Controlling the number of participants and seat arrangement 97
032 What if I want to bring along some friends
who have not prepared any tea ware? 98
033. What if it is a Sans Self Tea Gathering held
for the purpose of welcoming someone? 99
034. Is there a need for connecting lots in the event that some
participants come with their young children? How about
those who have difficulty squatting or sitting on the floor? 100
035. How to ensure time synchronising 102
036. Should there be any facilitators? 102
037. Should there be personnel assigned to deal with
unforeseen circumstances? 103
038. How to deal with number plates of absentees 104
039. When should members of the organising team
be seated at the tea gathering? 104
040. What would happen to latecomers? 105
041. Seating arrangement for the presenter and performers 106
042. If for reasons beyond our control, the tea gathering cannot be
held as scheduled, what remedial measures can be taken? 107
043. Sans Self Tea Gatherings require full participation of all 108

Chapter 5 Pre-event Preparation for Sans Self Tea Gathering
044. ‘Simplicity and Frugality’: the principle behind the use
of tea ware for a Sans Self Tea Gathering 112
045. The basic items of tea ware for Sans Self Tea Gathering 115
046. Some practical tips about the tea ware
for a Sans Self Tea Gathering 116
047. What is the best way to pack your tea ware
when you are travelling? 118
048. Things to note about the protective/wrapping materials
for the tea ware 120
049. Which tea should I bring? 121
050. How should the tea be packed? 122
051. How to prepare the tea ware if two types of tea
are to be brewed? 123
052. Preparing water for brewing and the choice of thermal flask 124
053. Sitting posture at a Sans Self Tea Gathering 126
054. Some practical tips about the seating mat 128
055. What should we bring along in addition, if it rains
before the tea gathering or the ground is sandy/muddy? 130
056. Attire and shoes for Sans Self Tea Gathering 132
057. What kind of preparation is required for a tea gathering
that calls for tea time snacks? 133
058. An example of tea brewing at a Sans Self Tea Gathering:
Small Teapot Brewing 136
059. An example of tea brewing at a Sans Self Tea Gathering:
Lidded Cup Brewing 139
060. An example of tea brewing at a Sans Self Tea Gathering:
Powdered Tea Brewing 141
061. There is no pot warming or cup warming in the description
of the methods above. Why? 142
062. Lighting requirement for an evening Sans Self Tea Gathering 144
063. What is to be achieved with a Sans Self Tea Gathering ? 145
064. How to enjoy Sans Self Tea Gathering in a relaxed manner 146
065. Feeling free and easy at the Tea Gathering 148
066. Choose tea ware that travels well for Sans Self Tea Gathering 150

Chapter 6 Taking your seat and Tea ware Appreciation
067. How can we ensure the seating mats are neatly aligned? 152
068. How should we handle the number plate? 154
069. Should the cups be placed right side up or upside down? 155
070. If tea is to be served to onlookers,
should the extra cups be displayed? 156
071. Should the snack be displayed if the tea gathering
calls for tea time snacks? 156
072. For Sans Self Tea Gathering taking place in the evening,
where should the lights be placed? 157
073. What should we do if there is strong wind outdoors? 159
074. What should we do if the venue is rain-soaked? 160
075. Issues with insects for outdoor tea gatherings 161
076. Tea ware Appreciation and Networking session:
When to begin, when to end and what are the alternatives? 162
077. Etiquette during tea ware appreciation 164
078. How to optimise the impact of networking 166
079. How to distribute backgrounder to members
of the public at the venue 167

Chapter 7 Guidelines for brewing, serving and taking tea
080. Adopting the simple brewing method
for Sans Self Tea Gathering 170
081. When should we begin brewing and serving? 171
082. How should one serve the first brew?
Where should we place the cups? 172
083. When offering tea, who should be taking the cups?
For the mobility-challenged, vision-impaired and those with
difficulty squatting, what special arrangements can be made? 177
084. How is tea served after the second round of brewing? 178
085. Should we say ‘Have tea, please’ when serving
and ‘Thank you’ when being served? 179
086. Is it necessary to follow the seat order when serving? 180
087. From which side should we rise and proceed to serve tea? 180
088. What should we do if we come across a vacant seat or a nonbrewing
after-tea activities performer? 181
089. For performers who are responsible for after-tea activities
and will be unable to participate in brewing,
how should we arrange tea for them? 183
090. If there is a presenter at the Sans Self Tea Gathering,
how should we arrange tea for him? 184
091. How should we offer tea to members of the public? 186
092. How to decide the number of cups and brews 189
093. How should we proceed when we are required
to brew two types of tea? 190
094. How do we replenish water for brewing
should we run out of it? 191
095. If tea time snacks are to be shared during the tea gathering,
how should we go about? 192
096. May I bring along tea snacks to go with matcha even
if the particular Sans Self Tea Gathering
does not call for serving of tea snacks? 194
097. How should tea be served at a Sans Self Tea Gathering
dedicated to a special occasion? 195
098. How should we respond to the enquiries
or requests of onlookers? 196
099. Etiquette during tea serving 197
100. When do we start taking tea?
Which cup should we take first? 199
101. At a Sans Self Tea Gathering, is tea to be taken swiftly
or slowly? 201
102. What should we do when the tea leaves are steeping? 202
103. How to adjust the pace of tea brewing if one
has gone too far ahead or lagged behind 203
104. How could we prevent photography and filming
from spoiling the ambience? 204
105. The true meaning of setting aside personal preference 205

Chapter 8 Etiquette for After-tea Activities and Packing
106. What are after-tea activities? And what is the difference
between after-tea activities and post-event activities? 209
107. How to coordinate after-tea activities with the performers 211
108. No stage is required for after-tea activities 212
109. Is it necessary to wash the tea ware after brewing? 214
110. How to prevent water seeping through the teapot
or lidded cup after tea ware is packed 215
111. Why should we wipe the teacups before packing? 216
112. When should we start wiping the cups we have drunk from? 218
113. Etiquette for cup collection 219
114. In what manner should we pack the tea ware? 220
115. What should we do with the tea infusion left behind
when brewing is over? 221
116. Getting the place back to its original state 222
117. How does the tea gathering end? 222
118. Packing event items 223
119. Group photo session at the end of the Tea Gathering 224
120. What should we do if there are people and matters
that need to be acknowledged or addressed? 224
121. The artistic manifestation of the Way of Tea as expressed
by a Sans Self Tea Gathering 226

Chapter 9 During a Sans Self Tea Gathering
122. How do we remedy the situation if an error
occurs when tea is served? 230
123. What if you are served one cup less? 231
124. What if I can’t finish pouring the tea I have brewed
and there is some left behind? 232
125. What should I do if the tea infusion is too hard to stomach? 233
126. What should I do if I love attending tea gatherings but
am not a fan of tea or am unable to take tea on the day? 234
127. What should I do if the previous cup served has not been taken
when I am about to serve the current brew? 235
128. What if there is still tea infusion in the cup
when I come to collect it? 236
129. Is there anything I can do if the tea
is not brewed to perfection? 237
130. What should I do if I don’t have enough water for brewing,
or there is clearly too little tea infusion? 238
131. May I offer a cup to my neighbour in the opposite direction? 239
132. Concerns about hygiene for teacups 240
133. Can we ask what type of tea is being served?
Is it acceptable to commend someone for a good brew? 241
134. After offering the last brew, would it be possible
for me to approach a tea guru I revere for his brew? 242
135. Is it acceptable to exchange tea ware with fellow participants
at the end of the tea gathering? 243
136. Is it permissible to ask a few friends to stay back
for more brews when the tea gathering is over? 244
137. Is beverage other than tea allowed during
Sans Self Tea Gatherings? 245
138. The question on Sans Self Tea Gathering
with the most wrong answers 247
139. Balancing the concepts of freedom and confinement
at a Sans Self Tea Gathering 249

Chapter 10 Pre-event Preparation by the Organiser
140. The opportune time for a Sans Self Tea Gathering 252
141. How should we name a Sans Self Tea Gathering? 253
142. Reconnaissance 254
143. Which tasks are to be handled by specific personnel? 255
144. Who are the members of the Organising Committees? 256
145. Preparing the Notification 259
146. Hosting pre-event briefings 261
147. The use of Task Checklist 264
148. Record of the Tea Gathering 265
149. How to control the number of participants? 268
150. How much time should be allocated
to each step of the procedure? 270
151. How to identify participants of a Sans Self Tea Gathering 271
152. Sans Self Tea Gathering at a glance 273

Chapter 11 Promoting Sans Self Tea Gathering and its Meaning
153. How should we promote Sans Self Tea Gathering? 276
154. Incorporating Sans Self Tea Gathering
into the curriculum of courses on the Way of Tea 277
155. The four-credit unit Sans Self Tea Gathering course 279
156. Do Sans Self Tea Gatherings add yet another barrier
to the Way of Tea? 282
157. Setting up Sans Self Tea Gathering Community Centres 283
158. The importance of a complete set of tea ware
to Sans Self Tea Gathering 284
159. Flexibility and reach of Sans Self Tea Gathering 285
160. How could we highlight the style and characteristics
of Sans Self Tea Gathering? 286
161. Is Sans Self Tea Gathering a freewheeling
or a disciplined occasion? 288
162. Why are there no arrangements for VIP seating
and speech of attending officials? 290
163. Why don’t we have background music during
a Sans Self Tea Gathering? 291
164. After-tea activities would best be carried out by participants 292
165. Organising a promotional Sans Self Tea Gathering 293
166. Application of Sans Self Tea Gatherings 295
167. Translation of ‘Sans Self Tea Gathering’ into English,
Japanese and Korean 297
168. What is the International Sans Self Tea Gathering
Organisation? 298
169. Is there a need for an official flag and anthem
for the Sans Self Tea Gathering? 299
170. The propagation of Sans Self Tea Gathering 301
171. What is the meaning behind Sans Self Tea Gathering? 303
172. Sans Self Tea Gathering is more than a form of tea gathering 304
173. The Land of Nothingness: where tea is produced,
brewed and taken 307
174. Sans Self Tea Gathering for one to thousands
and millions of participants 310
175. The four kinds of beauty of a Sans Self Tea Gathering 312
176. Sans Self Tea Gathering is a system of refinement 315
177. Does Sans Self Tea Gathering serve a purpose? 318
178. The impact of Sans Self Tea Gathering
on the individuals and the masses 324

Chapter 12 A Brief History of Sans Self Tea Gathering
179. The Origin of Sans Self Tea Gathering 330
180. The background against which Sans Self Tea Gathering
was born 331
181. What led to the birth of Sans Self Tea Gathering? 332
182. From tea-for-one to Sans Self Tea Gathering 333
183. The first Sans Self Tea Gathering 335
184. The first Sans Self Tea Gathering in public 335
185. The first International Sans Self Tea Gathering 336
186. Publications on Sans Self Tea Gathering 338
187. The first Sans Self Tea Gathering monument
at the Wuyi Mountain 339
188. From Sans Self Tea Gathering Promotion Committee
to Chinese International Sans Self Tea Gathering
Promotion Association 341
189. Milestones of Sans Self Tea Gathering (1989 – 2022) 347

Chapter 13 The Presenter’s Script for Sans Self Tea Gathering
190. The Presenter’s Script for Sans Self Tea Gathering 375
Afterword / The Utopia of Sans Self Tea Gathering 387
About Tsai, Rong-Tsang 396
 

 
 
无我茶会的诞生

无我茶会是发自于“独饮”的,自己一个人泡茶、喝茶。自己一个人泡茶、喝茶,如果是有意识的,这样做一定是专注的,是一心在茶的,是茶道很好的境界。如果找几个人一起独饮呢,因为是专注,所以大家都不会太说话,人数扩大以后,只要有一定的规范,必定是一种很有特色的茶会。怎样才会形成一种茶会形式?要有一定的组合,例如大家围成圈圈就坐,这样就可以利用“奉茶”将大家连接在一起;如果再“依同一方向奉茶”,这个圈圈就不会被切割成几个小区块,这两个基本做法,就将这样的聚会建构成一个有机的茶会。大家围成圈圈泡茶,泡完茶,每人都依同一个方向奉茶,例如都是向左,或都是向右,又倘若每个人都泡四杯茶,三杯奉给左邻或右邻的三位茶友,一杯留给自己,每人就会有四杯茶可喝,三杯是来自右邻的三位茶友,一杯是自己泡的茶。

在这样的基本架构上,我们可以将茶道上一些被喜欢的道理与做法结合进来,例如茶道是奉茶给任何人的,只要坐上品茗者的位置,不论什么身分,什么流派,都会被奉上一杯茶。另外,就茶道艺术创作而言,创作者无需关注欣赏者的接受范围,品茗者也无需选择茶道艺术家的作品风格,艺术创作就是艺术创作,艺术作品就是艺术作品,他们本身都具有独立的“人格”。所以茶会的座位应该由抽签来决定,以抽签决定座位也是做人“无尊卑之分”的道理。

泡完茶,大家都依同一方向奉茶,除了上述所说的“避免被切割成几个区块”外,也是“无报偿之心”的习惯养成。这样的茶会要能方便地举行,与会者必须都自备茶具、茶叶,包括泡茶用的热水,一切自备,不要依赖主办单位为与会者准备些什么。而且大家席地泡茶,泡茶者席地而坐,或是准备一张折叠的小椅子。进一步再说,茶道与茶道艺术家喜欢的“无流派之分”、“接纳各种茶,无好恶之心”,也只有在自备茶具茶叶的情况之下才能做到,甚至于主办单位还不可以规定大家带什么样的茶具与什么样的茶叶。

为了简化茶会举办的行政工作,可以设计一张“公告事项”,将茶会举办的时间、地点、程序、公共事务的工作分配都写清楚,发放给与会的每一个人,这样就不需要再有其他的通知了,茶会现场也不必设置指挥与司仪,
一切以公告事项上的约定来做。因为大家都专注于泡茶、奉茶、喝茶,本来就不需要说什么话,如果再规定泡茶期间“不语”,这段时间的整个会场就会鸦雀无声。然而当泡茶的时候,大家又都是在泡茶,奉茶的时候,大家又都是在奉茶,喝茶的时候,大家又都是在喝茶,喝完三道茶,如果约定有音乐欣赏的“品茗后活动”,大家又都不约而同地坐在原地,等待聆听一段音乐。不但让人感到群体律动之美,也让人体会到遵守公共约定的奥妙。

这样子形成的茶会叫什么茶会呢?因为茶会中有太多的“无”,所以应该称呼为“无茶会”,但是太不像个名称,所以加个“我”,变成“无我茶会”。这个“无”,除了本来就“无”的“无”,还包括了“有”了以后的
“无”,本来就无的无,让大家体会“存在”的意义;有了以后的无,让大家习惯“化有为无”,就如同光线的融合,将原来的七彩融合成无。这七彩包括喜欢的与不喜欢的,每次无我茶会都将它融为无,茶会以后再产生新的有。这时候我们比较有“主宰的能力与意识”,比较有能力来创造新的有。

蔡荣章
漳州科技学院茶文化研究中心,
2019年12月13日
 

Preface / The Birth of Sans Self Tea Gathering

It all begins with a person making and taking tea alone. Immersing oneself in the world of tea without any distraction is a perfect way to embrace the Way of Tea. Soon, you would want to invite a few friends over to do the same -- it is possible when everyone focuses on tea by making and taking their own without conversing. With more people joining, this may evolve into a very unique form of tea gathering so long as some rules are introduced. How would such an occasion become a tea gathering?There must be a way in organising the participants. Seated in a loop formation, they connect with each other by serving tea. Furthermore, offering tea in one direction keeps the formation intact, enabling the occasion to evolve naturally into a tea gathering. If each participant is to brew four cups of tea, three of these will be served to the three fellow participants on the left (or right), and the last one reserved for their own consumption. This way, each participant gets to enjoy four cups of tea each round.

Some preferred ideas and practices have been incorporated in this basic structure. For example, the Way of Tea encourages us to serve tea to the others regardless of their status and background, or the school of thoughts they represent. Tea infusion is a form of art -- it should be created by a tea artist without worrying about what the others want; likewise, those to be served should not show preference to tea artists with a certain style they like. Each work of tea infusion is, similar to art pieces, unique. By the same token, seats are decided by random drawing of lots to eliminate a hierarchical arrangement.

During the event, tea is offered in one direction. While this will avoid splitting the loop, it also encourages participants not to engage in reciprocation. For such a tea gathering to be held without hassle, participants are required to bring their own tea leaves and tea ware, including hot water for brewing; the Organiser is not expected to provide those. Everyone sits and brews on the floor;
small collapsible chairs are allowed, if needed. Bringing along one’s tea leaves and tea ware enables participants to set aside personal preferences and be open to stylistic differences. Furthermore, the Organizer is not allowed to specify the kind of tea ware and tea leaves to be used.

To simplify event management, a Notification detailing the time and date, venue, event flow and task list is distributed to all those participating before the tea gathering. The presence of a director or master of ceremonies is not required, so long as everyone follows what is stated in the Notification. No talking is needed. Participants remain silent while making, offering and taking tea as stated in the Notification; you could have heard a pin drop. The absence of verbal reminder does not hinder the progress in unison -- from brewing, offering and taking tea to staying where they are for aftertea activities. Synchronised action gives rise to a beautiful collective rhythm made possible by observing pre-agreed decisions.

How should we name such a tea gathering? ‘Sans Self’ is not to be understood in a literal sense. The name highlights the concept of ‘nothingness’ (denoted by the word ‘sans’) that is key to this unique form of tea gathering. The ‘I’ implied in the name helps put ‘nothingness’ in context. Like an amalgamation of colours giving rise to apparently colourless/white light, we reset our mind to the state of ‘nothingness’ after a ‘Sans Self Tea Gathering’ and proceed to create what we aspire to next. It is this
momentum of resetting and rebuilding that fuels an unending cycle of self-renewal.

Tsai, Rong-Tsang
The Tea Culture Research Institute,
Zhangzhou College of Science and Technology
December 13, 2019